Our business model

Vattenfall is an integrated energy company with the customer at the core of our business.

We believe sustainable growth will guide us into the future.

The following section describes our business model and the value we generate for our stakeholders by applying the six capital inputs of the International Integrated Reporting (IR) Framework.

Our business activities

Power production

Vattenfall produces electricity from many types of energy sources, including hydro, nuclear, coal, natural gas, wind, solar, biomass and waste. We are actively phasing out fossil-based production and investing in a greater share of renewable generation.

Electricity distribution

Being able to guarantee secure supply requires well-functioning distribution networks and development of smart network solutions. Vattenfall enables customers to feed self-generated electricity into the grid, thereby becoming so-called prosumers who both buy and sell electricity. Vattenfall conducts electricity grid operations in Sweden and in the UK. (Note: Stromnetz Berlin was handed over to the State of Berlin on 1 July 2021.) Electricity distribution is a regulated monopoly business that is supervised by national grid authorities.

Sales of electricity, heat and gas

Vattenfall sells electricity, heat and gas to consumers and business customers. We focus on optimising the customer experience by offering various price and service models and by giving customers opportunities to reduce their environmental impact.

District heating

Vattenfall is one of Europe’s largest producers and distributors of district heating, supplying households and industries in metropolitan areas. In partnership with cities and regions we are driving the transformation towards fossil-free heating solutions, such as by integrating surplus or waste heat from third parties in our district heating networks.

Energy services and decentralised generation

Vattenfall offers energy services, including battery storage, network services, charging solutions for electric vehicles, solar panels, heat pumps and smart meters. We also provide market services and access to marketplaces where customers can buy and sell electricity, as well as solutions for customers to optimise their energy use.

Our value chain

We generate value for our stakeholders by applying the six capital inputs of the International Integrated Reporting (IR) Framework.

UN’s Sustainable Development Goals

Vattenfall’s activities contribute to the achievement of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are a collection of 17 global goals that were adopted in 2015 by more than 150 countries. Though adopted by governments, our strong belief is that businesses and industries play a decisive role in the extent to which these goals are achieved.

In 2016, we identified six SDGs that are the most relevant for Vattenfall and where we can have the greatest global impact, these goals remain valid internally and for our stakeholders, and they are reflected in our strategy.

Our prioritised UN goals


Affordable and clean energy


Industry, innovation and infrastructure


Sustainable cities and communities


Sustainable consumption and production


Climate action


Partnership for the goals

Vattenfall also contributes to many other SDGs, including those in support of human rights, both at a local level and indirectly through our supply chain.

See also

Our strategy is in line with the UN's sustainable development goals.

A girl running on a beach with a flag

Fossil free electricity can contribute to economic growth and social progress.

The offshore wind farm Krigers Flak

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