Sustainable production

Development of fossil-free solutions is happening.

Fossil-free electricity at large scale

To reach our goal of fossil freedom, we are transforming our production portfolio and helping customers to power their lives in climate smarter ways. We are phasing out fossil production, investing in renewables and innovating with new ways of energy storage.

Vattenfall generates electricity and heat from many types of energy sources, including hydro, wind, solar, biomass, waste, nuclear, coal and natural gas. Vattenfall is one of the largest providers of fossil free electricity in Europe. We will phase out coal as fuel in all our heat plants by 2030.

Wind turbines and solar cells

By integrating solar energy with wind farms we can keep costs down and minimise the environmental impact.


Hydro power provides large-scale, stable renewable electricity and helps balance intermittent generation. Hydro power plants are producing almost no emissions and have, in addition to this, no fuel costs and a long economic life.

We own and operate more than 100 hydro power plants, most of which are located in Sweden and some in Finland and Germany. Hydro power accounts for a large proportion of Vattenfall's total electricity generation and is the most significant renewable energy source both in terms of Vattenfall's production and the European energy system.


Nuclear power emits low levels of CO2 throughout its life cycle and provides stable and large-scale electricity generation. The costs of fuel, operation, and maintenance are normally low. We are continuously intensifying our efforts to achieve impeccable safety and availability levels. Vattenfall aims to maintain a leading position in nuclear safety as it is our responsibility to protect the general public, the people working at our nuclear power plants, and the environment.


Wind power currently provides 17% of Europe’s electricity consumption. The energy industry is approaching a tipping point. Today, wind and solar power are the cheapest forms of electricity generation, and wind power has become one of the most important energy sources for driving decarbonisation. Vattenfall is well underway with the growth plan of quadrupling the renewable capacity by 2030.

At present, Vattenfall is operating around 4,4 GW of wind capacity with more than 1,200 wind turbines in Europe.

Our energy sources

Vattenfall produces electricity and heat from many types of energy sources. We are actively phasing out fossil-based production.


Solar energy is a renewable energy source that is easy to install, requires little operation and maintenance work and solar energy systems have a long service life. We continue to explore new opportunities in solar energy technology and battery storage, and we can for example by integrating solar energy with wind farms keep costs down and minimise the environmental impact by taking advantage of existing infrastructure. We plan to build additional solar farms in our efforts to further diversify our portfolio.


As a renewable energy source, biomass releases only as much CO2 when it is burned as it has bound during the growth phase. In addition to biogas and biomethane, the term biomass generally also includes forest residues from forestry, by-products from the wood processing industry such as sawdust and untreated wood residues and yields from short rotation plantations.

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See also

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Biodiversity and nature protection are a priority at Vattenfall.

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We have an important role in the transition to a circular economy.