HYBRIT; a collaboration between SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall

Fossil-free steel is happening.

Coking coal has been an essential component in steel production for more than thousand years. Today, this makes the sector one of the largest emitters of CO2. Yet change is happening. HYBRIT (Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology) – a collaboration between steel producer SSAB, mining company LKAB and Vattenfall – started in 2017 and is aiming to transform the process.

HYBRIT: The biggest change in steel production

The biggest change in steel production in over 1,000 years. Together with our partners LKAB and SSAB, we have created HYBRIT – a project for producing steel using hydrogen rather than coal.

Fossil free electricity is the key

Electrification is key to combat climate change. The aim is to more or less eliminate CO2 emissions. Watch HYBRIT – 4: Fossil free electricity is the key.

A new steel making process to eliminate CO2

HYBRIT can reduce Sweden’s CO2 emissions by 10% and Finland’s by 7% if implemented at full-scale. In 2018, the construction of a pilot plant in Luleå, Sweden, began. The full-scale fossil-free process for steel manufacturing should be ready by 2035.

The aim is to decarbonise the steel industry by replacing the coking coal (traditionally used in steel production to convert iron ore to iron) with hydrogen made from fossil-free electricity (primarily wind power) and water. A process called direct reduction will replace the current blast furnace process. The by-product will be water, which in turn can be recovered for the production of hydrogen gas.

In the summer of 2022, the rock cavern storage facility for fossil-free hydrogen in Luleå was inaugurated. The storage facility is an important part of the value chain for fossil-free iron and steel production.

Related content

We are forming partnerships in different fields and industries to reach climate goals.

Hydrogen gas plant - a step towards fossil freedom with Preem.

See also

Climate is at core of Vattenfall’s strategy and we are focused on one goal.

Vattenfall's strategy originates from our purpose to Power Climate Smarter Living.

Vattenfall is investing in a greater share of renewable generation.