Industry decarbonisation

HYBRIT; a collaboration between SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall

Fossil-free steel is happening.

Coking coal has been an essential component in steel production for more than thousand years. Today, this makes the sector one of the largest emitters of CO2. Yet change is happening. HYBRIT (Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology) – a collaboration between steel producer SSAB, mining company LKAB and Vattenfall – started in 2017 and is aiming to transform the process.

HYBRIT: The biggest change in steel production

The biggest change in steel production in over 1,000 years. Together with our partners LKAB and SSAB, we have created HYBRIT – a project for producing steel using hydrogen rather than coal.

A new steel making process to eliminate CO2

HYBRIT can reduce Sweden’s CO2 emissions by 10% and Finland’s by 7% if implemented at full-scale. In 2018, the construction of a pilot plant in Luleå, Sweden, began. The full-scale fossil-free process for steel manufacturing should be ready by 2035.

The aim is to decarbonise the steel industry by replacing the coking coal (traditionally used in steel production to convert iron ore to iron) with hydrogen made from fossil-free electricity (primarily wind power) and water. A process called direct reduction will replace the current blast furnace process. The by-product will be water, which in turn can be recovered for the production of hydrogen gas.

News and press releases

Hybrit pilot 200602. Photo Åsa Bäcklin
Photo Åsa Bäcklin

HYBRIT’s next step receives support from Swedish Energy Agency

The Swedish Energy Agency has decided to contribute SEK 22 million in support to HYBRIT - SSAB’s, LKAB’s and Vattenfall’s joint initiative for fossil-free steel – for a comprehensive feasibi...

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Jan Moström President and CEO of LKAB, Magnus Hall, President and CEO of Vattenfall, Isabella Lövin, Minister for Environment and Climate, Stefan Löfven, Swedish Prime Minister and Martin Lindqvist, President and CEO of SSAB.

HYBRIT: SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall to start up the world’s first pilot plant for fossil-free steel

Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Löfven started up the plant together with Isabella Lövin,

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The HYBRIT pilot plant in Luleå. Photo: Åsa Bäcklin, HYBRIT

Media invitation: HYBRIT – the world’s very first pilot plant for fossil-free steel is now to start operation

SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall will be starting the test operation of HYBRIT’s globally unique pilot plant for the production of fossil-free sponge iron, a decisive step toward fossil-free ...

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Bio-oil plant in Malmberget. Photographer: Catrine Johansson Lantto / LKAB
Photographer: Catrine Johansson Lantto / LKAB

HYBRIT: Successful trials using fossil-free fuels in the pellet process

Trials using fossil-free fuels in LKAB’s pellet plant have produced successful results within the framework of the HYBRIT initiative. The world’s very first fossil-free iron ore pellets are ...

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Electrification, innovation and hydrogen gas reduce industry dependence on fossil fuels

Electrification, innovation and hydrogen gas reduce industry dependence on fossil fuels

Industry needs help in order to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions. Vattenfall is making it happen through cooperation and partnerships with industry.

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The COP 25 logo

SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall welcome higher ambitions to reach climate targets

HYBRIT's owners SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall welcome the higher ambitions to reach climate targets discussed at the COP25 climate summit in Madrid.

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HYBRIT - Fossil free steel is happening

The biggest change in steel production in over 1,000 years. Together with our partners LKAB and SSAB, we have created HYBRIT – an initiative to create fossil free steel using electricity and hydrogen.

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