Industry decarbonisation

HYBRIT; a collaboration between SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall

Fossil-free steel is happening.

Coking coal has been an essential component in steel production for more than a hundred years. Today, this makes the sector one of the largest emitters of CO2. Yet change is happening. HYBRIT (Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology) – a collaboration between steel producer SSAB, mining company LKAB and Vattenfall – started in 2017 and is aiming to transform the process.

HYBRIT: The biggest change in steel production

The biggest change in steel production in over 1,000 years. Together with our partners LKAB and SSAB, we have created HYBRIT – a project for producing steel using hydrogen rather than coal.

A new steel making process to eliminate CO2

HYBRIT can reduce Sweden’s CO2 emissions by 10% and Finland’s by 7% if implemented at full-scale. In 2018, the construction of a pilot plant in Luleå, Sweden, began. The full-scale fossil-free process for steel manufacturing should be ready by 2035.

The aim is to decarbonise the steel industry by replacing the coking coal (traditionally used in steel production to convert iron ore to iron) with hydrogen made from fossil-free electricity (primarily wind power) and water. A process called direct reduction will replace the current blast furnace process. The by-product will be water, which in turn can be recovered for the production of hydrogen gas.

News and press releases

Electrification, innovation and hydrogen gas reduce industry dependence on fossil fuels

Industry needs help in order to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions. Vattenfall is making ...

News
The COP 25 logo
Press release
2019-12-11

SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall welcome higher ambitions to reach climate targets

HYBRIT's owners SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall welcome the higher ambitions to reach climate ta...

Press release
Cecilia Hellner, Head of Public and Regulatory Affairs Nordic at Vattenfall

The UN Climate Change Conference COP 25 is now in progress. Vattenfall is present to inspi...

News
Eva Vitell joins HYBRIT Development from Vattenfall Electricity Distribution

HYBRIT Development AB, which is owned by SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall, appoints Eva Vitell as...

News
Illustration of hydrogen production

With hydrogen produced from renewable sources like wind energy, a significant part of toda...

News
Construction of the HYBRIT pilot plant. The new hydrogen gas storage facility will be built close to the pilot plant.
Press release
2019-10-03

HYBRIT: SEK 200 million invested in pilot plant for storage of fossil-free hydrogen in Luleå

SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall, the owners behind the HYBRIT initiative, are investing SEK 150 ...

Press release

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