HYBRIT; a collaboration between SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall
Fossil-free steel is happening.
Coking coal has been an essential component in steel production for more than thousand years. Today, this makes the sector one of the largest emitters of CO2. Yet change is happening. HYBRIT (Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology) – a collaboration between steel producer SSAB, mining company LKAB and Vattenfall – started in 2017 and is aiming to transform the process.
In July 2021, SSAB Oxelösund rolled the first steel produced using HYBRIT technology, i.e., reduced by 100% fossil-free hydrogen instead of coal and coke, with good results.
HYBRIT: The biggest change in steel production
The biggest change in steel production in over 1,000 years. Together with our partners LKAB and SSAB, we have created HYBRIT – a project for producing steel using hydrogen rather than coal.
Fossil free electricity is the key
Electrification is key to combat climate change. The aim is to more or less eliminate CO2 emissions. Watch HYBRIT – 4: Fossil free electricity is the key.
A new steel making process to eliminate CO2
HYBRIT can reduce Sweden’s CO2 emissions by 10% and Finland’s by 7% if implemented at full-scale. In 2018, the construction of a pilot plant in Luleå, Sweden, began. The full-scale fossil-free process for steel manufacturing should be ready by 2035.
The aim is to decarbonise the steel industry by replacing the coking coal (traditionally used in steel production to convert iron ore to iron) with hydrogen made from fossil-free electricity (primarily wind power) and water. A process called direct reduction will replace the current blast furnace process. The by-product will be water, which in turn can be recovered for the production of hydrogen gas.
In the summer of 2022, the rock cavern storage facility for fossil-free hydrogen in Luleå was inaugurated. The storage facility is an important part of the value chain for fossil-free iron and steel production.
News and press releases
Kadri Simson, European Commissioner for Energy, visits the HYBRIT pilot plant in Luleå during her visit to Sweden, to experience the world's first completely fossil-free value chain for iron...
Construction of the rock cavern storage facility for fossil-free hydrogen in Luleå has reached the halfway point. Right now the steel lining is being installed inside Svartöberget. The stora...
Vattenfall recently committed to the 1.5 degree target as one of the few leading energy companies taking this critical step. Now it’s time for the countries in the COP 26 climate summit to a...
The Swedish Energy Agency has decided to contribute SEK 22 million in support to HYBRIT - SSAB’s, LKAB’s and Vattenfall’s joint initiative for fossil-free steel – for a comprehensive feasibi...
Industry needs help in order to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions. Vattenfall is making it happen through cooperation and partnerships with industry.
The UN Climate Change Conference COP 25 is now in progress. Vattenfall is present to inspire others in the industry to reduce its dependency on fossil fuels.