Industry decarbonisation

HYBRIT; a collaboration between SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall

Fossil-free steel is happening.

Coking coal has been an essential component in steel production for more than thousand years. Today, this makes the sector one of the largest emitters of CO2. Yet change is happening. HYBRIT (Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology) – a collaboration between steel producer SSAB, mining company LKAB and Vattenfall – started in 2017 and is aiming to transform the process.

HYBRIT: The biggest change in steel production

The biggest change in steel production in over 1,000 years. Together with our partners LKAB and SSAB, we have created HYBRIT – a project for producing steel using hydrogen rather than coal.

Fossil free electricity is the key

Electrification is key to combat climate change. The aim is to more or less eliminate CO2 emissions. Watch HYBRIT – 4: Fossil free electricity is the key.

A new steel making process to eliminate CO2

HYBRIT can reduce Sweden’s CO2 emissions by 10% and Finland’s by 7% if implemented at full-scale. In 2018, the construction of a pilot plant in Luleå, Sweden, began. The full-scale fossil-free process for steel manufacturing should be ready by 2035.

The aim is to decarbonise the steel industry by replacing the coking coal (traditionally used in steel production to convert iron ore to iron) with hydrogen made from fossil-free electricity (primarily wind power) and water. A process called direct reduction will replace the current blast furnace process. The by-product will be water, which in turn can be recovered for the production of hydrogen gas.

News and press releases

Some members of the First Movers Coalition, led by the World Economic Forum and the US Office of the Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry, meet on the sidelines of COP26.

Vattenfall joins First Movers Coalition and commits to purchase low carbon products and technologies

Today, the First Movers Coalition was launched at COP26 in Glasgow by the U.S. State Department and the World Economic Forum.

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Annika Ramsköld, Head of Sustainability

Vattenfall at COP26: Will the world step up to the climate challenge?

Vattenfall recently committed to the 1.5 degree target as one of the few leading energy companies taking this critical step. Now it’s time for the countries in the COP 26 climate summit to a...

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Hydrogen-reduced sponge iron. Photo: Åsa Bäcklin

HYBRIT: SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall first in the world with hydrogen-reduced sponge iron

SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall have now produced the world’s first hydrogen-reduced sponge iron at a pilot scale.

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Illustration of rock cavern storage facility for fossil-free hydrogen

HYBRIT: SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall building unique pilot project in Luleå for large-scale hydrogen storage investing a quarter of a billion Swedish kronor

SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall have commenced building a rock cavern storage facility for fossil-free hydrogen gas on a pilot scale next to HYBRIT’s pilot facility for direct reduction in Luleå.

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Jan Moström, President and CEO LKAB, Martin Lindqvist President and CEO SSAB and Anna Borg, President and CEO Vattenfall.

HYBRIT: SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall to begin industrialization of future fossil-free steelmaking by establishing the world’s first production plant for fossil-free sponge iron in Gällivare

SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall are now taking a new, decisive leap forward in their work to make fossil-free steel for the global market. Industrialization of the technology being developed throu...

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Hybrit pilot 200602. Photo Åsa Bäcklin
Photo Åsa Bäcklin

HYBRIT’s next step receives support from Swedish Energy Agency

The Swedish Energy Agency has decided to contribute SEK 22 million in support to HYBRIT - SSAB’s, LKAB’s and Vattenfall’s joint initiative for fossil-free steel – for a comprehensive feasibi...

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HYBRIT – fossil free steel is happening

The biggest change in steel production in over 1,000 years. Together with our partners LKAB and SSAB, we have created HYBRIT – an initiative to create fossil free steel using electricity and hydrogen.

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