Our operations

Business Area Heat

Vattenfall is active in district heating and decentralised energy solutions, and operates condensing and waste-to-energy plants. We are a leading supplier of heat in Berlin, Amsterdam and Uppsala, serving around 1.8 million end consumers.

Interior of Uppsala heating plant

Interior of heating plant in Uppsala, Sweden.

The district heating business in Hamburg has been sold to the city of Hamburg in 2019. District heating supply is mainly based on operation of large combined heat and power plants (CHPs). Our decentralised operations comprise more than 500 installed energy solutions in the range of 100 kWth up to 10,000 kWth. It includes customised combinations of e.g., mini-CHPs, heat pumps, boilers, storage options and solar panel installations.


Society is increasingly demanding lowcarbon energy solutions. We want to be the partner of choice for customers and communities to power their lives in ever climate smarter ways. Our Heat business will phase out coal by 2030 and will be fossil free by 2040. Accordingly, the focus areas for Heat include two major decarbonisation steps:

  • Phase-out of coal and peat
  • Replace fossil gas with renewable gas

Achievement of both of these steps will be possible by sector coupling to integrate renewable power generation (wind, solar) with Third Party Integration (waste heat) and renewable heat sources (biomass, solar, geothermal).

For our target heat and cooling customers – real estate owners and developers (e.g., municipalities, commercial companies, tenant-owner housing cooperatives) – we want to be the preferred energy solutions provider by offering integrated, decentralised energy solutions with an improved customer focus based on modern digital solutions. We will focus on developing climate-smart energy solutions for these segments with the needs and expectations of their end customers (tenants and apartment owners) in mind.

More about Heat

Read more about Business Area Heat in the latest Annual and sustainability report.

Key data

  2018 2017
Net sales (SEK million) 33,970 30,724
External net sales (SEK million) 15,828 14,882
Underlying operating profit1 (SEK million) 771 3,371
Sales of heat (TWh) 18.3 18.9
Electricity generation (TWh) 32.0 32.2
CO2 emissions2 (Mtonnes) 22.0 22.6
Nitrogen oxide, NOx (ktonnes) 9.9 9.8
Sulphur dioxide, SO2 (ktonnes) 4.2 4.1
Particulates (ktonnes) 0.2 0.3

1 Operating profit excluding items affecting comparability.
2 CO2 emissions are pro rata.

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